What is dabbing and to dab?


What is dabbing?

Dabbing is the (flash) vaporization of concentrates, or dabs, after they've been applied to a hot surface, usually a nail, and inhaled through a dab rig.

Concentrates come in many forms depending on there consistency wax, shatter, budder, honeycomb, b.h.o, crumble, rosin and so on

They are the the most potent forms of concentrates available on the market, with single cannabinoid concentrations upwards of 90 percent. 

What do you need to dab?

You will need the following are the tools and the dab concentrate of your choice. 

Dab Rig

Dab rigs are essentially a water pipe designed for for vaporising your concentrated extracts.

Nail / Banger

This is the same as the bowl for your bong, and it's where you'll put the concentrate. A nail is commonly made of glass or titanium, both of which are extremely strong. A banger can also be used. That is actually a bowl in the form of a bucket, but it is suitable for concentrates and can be heated from below. 

Electronic dabbing with e-nails is also becoming more popular. You must note the correct socket joint size and whether this is a male or female (male / female connector) when choosing the right nail or banger, so that it fits the type of socket on your bong/dab rig. You'll need a male nail or banger if your bong has a female socket, and vice versa.


The Dabber is a tool you use to apply the sticky concentrate to the nail

The best dabbers are made of titanium and come in a variety of shapes, including ballpoint pens, needle points, shovels,  spoons, and paddles. You select the appropriate tool and shape based on the texture and consistency of the concentrate you wish to dab. 

Carb Cap

A carb cap is a type of cap or lid used to keep your nail closed. A carp cap is not required, but it can be very useful for regulating airflow. A carb cap can be a solution, especially if you want to dab very precisely. Electronic dabbing, which allows you to control the precise temperature, is also a good option.

Blow Torch Lighter

The nail or banger must be heated to a high temperature in order for the dabs, or concentrates, to evaporate. That type of heating can only be done with a torch lighter.

If you are using an electronic dab nail. You don't need a lighter, and the temperature can usually be set between 0 and 700 degrees.

How much concentrate should I use on each Dab

If you are new to dabbing you should start with what is called 'micro dabbing', by taking a very small amount. You can always take another dab.

Dabs are highly concentrated extracts and sometimes you need to use an amount no bigger than a crumb.

How should you dab?

You're ready to go once you've set up your dab rig and gathered the necessary supplies. It's best to sit while dabbing because it's quite intense.

Step 1: Light your torch lighter and direct the flame toward the nail or banger. Most people will heat the nail until it turns red.

Step 2: Turn off the torch lighter once the nail is hot. Allowing a quartz nail or banger to cool for about 45 seconds is recommended. For a titanium nail, it takes about 10 seconds to ensure that the surface temperature is not too high.

Step 3: Using your dabber, apply the dab directly to the nail. Your concentrate will immediately begin to melt and evaporate, resulting in the formation of smoke or vapor. As a result, start with the suction of the bong or bubbler right away. Avoid spilling oil that sticks to the dabber tool by rotating the dabber tip on the nail.

Step 4: If you're using a carb cap, place it on the nail and breathe out slowly. The carb cap aids in airflow regulation.

Step 5: Take a deep breath and enjoy the sensation you've just experienced!

When dabbing, be aware that your nails will become extremely hot. When handling it, use caution and wait for all parts to cool before touching them.

The Anatomy of a Dab Rig

Dab Rig Diagram with Labels

Although a dab rig resembles a bong, there are a few key differences. Let's start with the basics and familiarize ourselves with the tools for needed for dabbing

Nail or Banger

The concentrate is placed on the nail or banger after it has been pre-heated with a small butane torch. Glass, ceramic, quartz, or titanium are some of the materials that can be used to make it. Some nails, known as "e-nails," are even electronic. The hammer or

The banger is heated to a temperature that allows a dab of concentrate to evaporate. The temperature is most likely between 450 and 700 degrees, but it varies depending on the user's preference and the material of the nail.

Glass Dome

Once the nail has been heated, the glass dome fits over top of it. It can protects your fingers from accidental burns, in addition to preventing the loss of concentrate vapour.


This piece serves as a passageway for air and vapor as it is drawn into the chamber. The nail is held vertically upright at the top by a 90-degree bend, while the other end attaches close to the base's bottom.


As you inhale, the vapor from the heated concentrate passes through this water-filled chamber and up the mouthpiece. One or more filters can be found inside the chamber of some dab rigs. A dab rig's chamber is designed to hold far less water than a bong's. The base is narrower than a typical bong.

Mouth Piece

By pressing your mouth against the mouthpiece, you can make an airtight seal. As the inhaled air is replaced through the downstem, bringing the vapor with it, part your lips just enough to draw air steadily into the chamber, causing the water in the chamber to bubble. If you've ever used a bong, you'll recognize this technique. Learn how to use a bong here

Butane Torch

The nail is heated with a torch. To keep the torch from overheating and cracking, aim it away from yourself and the rest of the rig when using it. If this is the part of dabbing that irritates you, consider switching to an e-nail. You won't have to deal with any open flames, and you won't have to guess when the temperature is right.

A Dabber 

Also known as a wand, this tool, which is usually made of glass or metal, is used to help you transfer a small amount of concentrate onto the heated nail. It's far too sticky to handle with your finger, and you'd never want to put your fingers that close to a heated nail, so don't even attempt it! These are a low-cost tool that you'll want to have on hand if you plan to dab.


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